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Type II Diabetes

Type II Diabetes usually but not always develops later in life due to poor health upkeep. Unlike Type I Diabetes where insulin is not produce, in Type II Diabetes Insulin is produced but the bodies' receptors have trouble using that insulin. Type II Diabetes is often a result of long term elevated blood glucose levels which are often a result of obesity, poor diet, and lack of exercise.

Prevention of Type II Diabetes
Prevention of Type II Diabetes is a life long lifestyle choice to be health conscious and responsible of your health. A healthy diet and physical activity are key in the prevention of Type II Diabetes. Weight management will greatly decrease your susceptibility to developing this disease. If you have a family history of Type II Diabetes your risks are greater, but that does not mean you are destined to develop Type II Diabetes a healthy lifestyle can counteract genetics.
- Weight Management
- Physical Activity
- Diet


Risk for Type II Diabetes
- Lack of Physical Activity
- Poor Diet
- Family History
- Obesity
- Age over 45 yrs
- High blood pressure
- HDL cholesterol of less than 35 mg/dL or triglyceride level of greater than 250 mg/dL
- Previously identified impaired glucose tolerance by your doctor
- Race/ethnicity (African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans all have high rates of Type II Diabetes)
- History of Gestational Diabetes (a condition where a woman is diabetic throughout her pregnancy)

If you are at risk for Type II Diabetes do NOT wait until its too late get tested, and start your road to prevention and a healthier lifestyle.


Signs and Symptoms
Since Type II Diabetes usually develops later in life many people will notice the signs and symptoms are more obvious. Some signs and symptoms include:
- Blurred vision
- Erectile Dysfunction
- Fatigue
- Frequent of slow-healing infections
- Increased appetite
- Increased thirst
- Increased urination


Management
If you are Diagnosed with Type II Diabetes you will have to make life altering changes to manage your disease and prevent further complications due to the disease. Your doctor will more than likely prescribe weight loss and a change in diet and increased physical activity. Your doctor will also very likely prescribe medications to get your levels under control. You will need to start frequent blood checks throughout the day to learn when and what may spike your blood glucose and also to prevent hypoglycemia. If you do not manage your diabetes you may develop life threatening complications such as kidney and heart disease and also blindness. Also due to gout you may need amputations of lower extremities.

Foot Care
One of the more serious complications due to uncontrolled diabetes is poor circulation to lower extremities which can result in gout. Gout can eventually lead to hospitalization and amputations. It is imperative that you check your feet on a regular basis and keep your glucose levels in appropriate ranges.